Foreign investment in new energy automobile parts enough attention
Recently, the national development and reform commission jointly with the ministry of commerce and other departments for the foreign investment industrial guidance catalogue (2011 revision) "was revised, form a" directory "revisions and solicit opinions from the public. It is important to note that had been the high field of automotive vehicle joint venture shares limit has not been let go. In addition, the new amendments will be "new energy vehicles" key parts in encouraging foreign investment category, on the one hand, shows determination to speed up the development of new energy automobile industry in our country, on the other hand also shows that China attaches great importance to the r&d and production in the field of new energy car key parts, in case of monopolized by foreign capital.
The vehicle joint venture shares
"The revision in the directory, the purpose is to better implement the new, decentralization, open still wider to the outside world, to create a good investment environment." National development and reform commission, zhan wang, inspectors said that the revision is since 1995, the foreign investment industrial guidance catalogue published since the sixth revision of, also is the biggest one. Through the market approach, unified access standards, to realize the change of management mode.
It is understood that the foreign investment industrial guidance catalogue revisions is focused on ease services and general manufacturing foreign access, and reduced the restricted entry, the foreign shares of the further liberalisation of restrictions. Steel, ethylene, oil refining, chemical equipment, automotive electronics, the foreign shares of the e-commerce in areas such as limit was cancelled. A tour and had been in the field of automotive vehicle do not let go of the joint venture shares, "vehicle" is still listed as "limit the catalogue of industries for foreign investment", and make clear a regulation "the China shares not less than 50%, the same can be set up in domestic foreign two (including two) production under the same kind (passenger cars, commercial vehicles, motorcycles) vehicle products joint venture, such as with the Chinese joint venture partner to merge with other domestic automobile production enterprises is not limited by the two".
Auto commentator, Mr. Zhang thinks, from the situation of economic globalization, the open vehicle joint venture shares limited is the trend of The Times, but for the moment, can't let go, this is because our country automobile enterprise and independent brand is not strong enough, also need time and to foster market space. Rushed let go to is fast growing independent brand automobile form strong impact.
We have learned, since 2013, about whether to let go of the vehicle joint venture shares limited become the hot topic. In the controversy surrounding this topic, from related department's statement also has long been regarded as the vehicle joint venture shares whether can break 50% red signal.
At the end of 2013, the ministry of commerce, said a spokesman for the ministry of commerce will open still wider to the outside world, investment access reform focus on four aspects, including "further liberalisation of the iron and steel, chemical, automobile and other general access of foreign investment in the field of manufacturing, including easing foreign investment in the registered capital, equity ratio, the business scope of restrictions".
The resulting on "whether the vehicle joint venture shares should be let go". The China association of automobile manufacturers are firmly opposed to let go of the vehicle joint venture shares, thinking is less than, or "auto industry in China will become a foreign products processing factory, the loss of construction time is given priority to with independent brand of car power." And some of the private car enterprises and industry insiders are let go of the vehicle joint venture shares limited, to activate the market competition, real force in the evolution of auto industry in our country to realize benign development.
With the ministry of commerce spokesman attitude the difference is that in early march this year, the relevant person in charge of the ministry of industry and information technology said publicly that the jurisdiction by the ministry of industry and information technology, such as steel, chemical fiber let go of the joint venture shares later period of time, after the auto industry will slow release.
In well-known auto analyst jia xinguang's view, the new revised clear don't let go of the vehicle joint venture shares limit is not a long-term, because "directory" frequent revision. For whether the vehicle joint venture shares of let go of such major industrial policy, should by the revision of the "automobile industry development policy".
Adjustment is the trend of The Times
While the new revised clear don't let go of the vehicle joint venture shares of restricted, but some industry experts said the auto industry provided access of is the inevitable trend, and this is all the people do not deny the fact.
Yang, secretary-general of China passenger car association, shun thought again, when countries joint venture auto enterprise industry policy requirements "production automobile, motorcycle and engine products of sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative enterprises shall not be less than 50% of China shares" is for the purpose to protect national auto industry hope "exchanging market with technology" to promote the development of national auto industry. "The policy of our country played a significant role in the development of the automobile enterprise does, but for now, it has obviously lags behind the rapid development of China's economy and car market".
Yang shun again, said in a joint venture automobile enterprises, foreign to the key techniques, strict control of monopoly, the absolute closed, make China technical engineers cannot participate. Such as the current electronic technology, automatic transmission technology, etc., in a joint venture automobile enterprises, the Chinese technical personnel not involved in the new technology research and development, even out of date it is impossible to get all technical data. "Since opening joint the bottom line is that sooner or later, be inferior to cross the rubicon, desperate later. On the protection of the state for a long time, Chinese car companies would not be really strong." Yang shun said again.
"The vehicle joint venture shares limited release is the inevitable trend, this is our country push marketization and the only way to further deepen the reform and opening up." "Mr. Jia said, although now with more than 30 years ago is the open policy, but already had a big different in concept. Early open more is based on how much foreign investment as a target, thus gives a lot of special treatment. At the same time to protect the domestic automobile industry, in the policy on foreign capital will be tied down. And the goal of a new round of reform and opening up is let the market more dynamic, more kinetic energy as the goal. So, let go of the vehicle joint venture shares limited is the trend of The Times.
Mr. Zhang thinks, from the macroscopic level, the government really continue to intensify open. Especially automobile industry, the internationalization degree is higher, is likely to be one of the first fully open areas. But at the same time, the car industry is relatively sensitive, in open vehicle joint venture shares of restricted at the same time, the foreign party will gain more profit, also will import more models, technology and service concept, and lead to more intense competition. The independent brand in the process is likely to experience "sweep", only with the fastest speed to absorb advanced experience in their place, can not be eliminated. In addition, suddenly let go of the vehicle joint venture shares restrictions may cause problems such as market disorder, and independent brand also needs certain space to grow up. As a result, the vehicle joint venture shares limited open is the inevitable trend, but the government also should have some more reliable measures to gradually open, in order to ensure the stable development of the auto industry in our country.
New energy car key parts and components
It is important to note that the new amendments, the foreign shares of the "new energy car key components" limit was cancelled, key components manufacturing "" new energy vehicles become to encourage foreign investment in the field.
It is understood that in 2011, the national development and reform commission requirements, new energy vehicles foreign key parts (holdings) shall not exceed 50%. The new amendments make clear a regulation, new energy car key components manufacturing include: energy power battery, battery cathode material, battery diaphragm; Battery management system, motor management system, electric cars, electric control integration; Drive motor of electric vehicle and vehicle DC/DC (DC chopper), high power electronic devices; Plug-in hybrid electromechanical coupling driving system.
The industry believes that the new energy field of key parts and vehicle things are quite different. On the one hand, the size of the new energy vehicles is very small, not enough to affect the whole industry; On the other hand, the current domestic new energy vehicle and parts manufacturing are also at the fledgling stage, the introduction of foreign parts and components manufacturing can lead to the development of related domestic industries.
, experts say, though, in accordance with the relevant plan, by 2015, our country to realize pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid cars cumulative production target of 500000 vehicles, but the total sales of 2013, China's new energy vehicles about 18000 vehicles, far from the target. The revised catalogue of new energy vehicles the foreign shares of the key components limited, with policy in technology was quite obvious. Relevant departments should further perfect the related regulations, beware of traditional parts field appears "lost in the market, not for technology".
National 863 program "energy conservation and new energy automobile major projects" supervision consulting team Wang Binggang suggested that relevant departments should be organized as soon as possible first studies, conducted in-depth research, put forward to foster new energy automotive industry of systems thinking, strategy and method; Secondly, establish oems use of domestic new energy automobile parts encourage method, according to buy into the country the number of components enterprise products that encourage directory reward; Third, we should increase the core parts of new energy vehicles and materials research and development support, promoting production-study-research cooperation, introduce the key talent; Fourth, formulate preferential policy, guide the social capital into the new energy automobile parts industry.